Calcaneum (Heel Bone) Fracture- Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

heel bone fracture

A calcaneum fracture is a break in the heel bone. There are two kinds of calcaneum fracture– one which includes the subtalar joint, and the other does not include this joint. The subtalar joint is formed by your calcaneus and the bone above your calcaneus, which is called the talus. This joint offers side-by-side motion of your foot that is essential for walking on uneven surfaces. Calcaneal fractures involving subtalar joints are normally quite severe.

Symptoms of Calcaneus (Broken Heel Bone) Fracture

The heel that is fractured becomes tender. The ankle and foot get swollen and bruised. People who have calcaneus or heel bone fractures cannot put weight on their feet.

You can develop compartment syndrome. It usually develops when the swelling pressurizes the blood vessels nearby that block and reduce blood flow. The tissues that are blood-derived may die or get damaged. Immediate treatment is important.

Diagnosis of Calcaneus (Broken Heel Bone) Fracture

  • Computed tomography (CT scan)
  • X-rays

If doctors think that your heel bone is fractured, they will first take some x-rays that will show if there is a fracture. At times, they may require a computed tomography or CT. It includes x-rays with the help of computer technology to produce a three-dimensional or detailed image of the area that is injured. As heel fractures occur due to great force, doctors can check for some injuries like spine or knee fractures.

Treatment of Calcaneus (Broken Heel Bone) Fracture

The treatment of calcaneus (broken heel bone) fracture can be done with surgery or a cast. If the calcaneus fracture is in position, we recommend non-invasive treatment.


In case you need any treatment for calcaneus- broken heel bone fracture, you can contact Dr. Chetan Oswal at Orthowin Foot and Ankle Clinic in Pune.